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"...the Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture came to be when Jonas Salk had stimulated Norman Koonce and Syl Damianos [then president and chairman of the American Architectural Foundation, respectively] to get someone to explore the brain’s role in how architecture affects human experience.

What Salk said was...
“Architects should have a better understanding of human experience with architectural settings.”
Academy of Neuroscience
for Architecture

A Must Read Manual


Indoor Environmental Quality for Older Adults

Suggested Reading:

The Human Element in Design for Aging

Physiological and Subjective Responses in the Elderly When Using
Floor Heating and Air Conditioning Systems

Design for Aging

Leslie Moldow, AIA, Principal, Perkins Eastman and Amanda D'Luhy from the American Institute of Architects graciously allowed us to post these links to what we feel is some of the best stuff starting to come out of the world of architecture.  It has to do with the study of aging, architecture and the neurosciences. 

AIA Design for Aging  

"The goal of this publication will be to provide information that helps our members better understand upcoming events and their content and offer access to links to related organizations and articles on pertinent topics concerning seniors housing and care." Excerpt from the first edition.

Neuroscience of Facilities for the Aging and People with Alzheimer’s November 30 to December 1, 2006 By Leslie G. Moldow, AIA

"An extraordinary and unprecedented event occurred at the end of November 2006. Neuroscientists, cognitive psychologists, senior living operators, and architects together discussed how the aging mind perceives its surroundings and how to apply this knowledge to improve environments for our elders. The workshop focused on identifying research topics for the scientific community that would enrich and inform the architectural design process."

Neuroscience of Facilities for the Aging and People with Alzheimer’s Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture American Institute of Architects Thursday, November 30, 2006

"Environmental pressures can lead to negative psychological and physiological effects."

Suggested reading

Supportive living environments: A first concept of a dwelling designed for older adults with dementia
Joost Van Hoof, Hogeschool Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands,, Helianthe S.M. Kort, Hogeschool Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, and Vilans, The Netherlands,

Abstract: The vast majority of older adults want to remain living independently at home, with or without a sufficient amount of professional home care, even when overall health is starting to decline. The ageing of society and the increase in the number of very old elders goes together with an increase in the number of people with dementia. About two thirds of the diagnosed people in the Netherlands live at home. Dementia has severe implications to the quality of daily life, in particular to independent functioning. This sets extra demands to living environments. Older adults with dementia and their partners ask for living environments that support independence, compensate for declining vitality, and lower the burden of family care. For this purpose, a first concept of a design for a dementia dwelling is presented in this paper, which incorporates modifications in terms of architecture, interior design, the indoor environment, and technological solutions. These design features were derived from literature search and focus group sessions. Current design guidelines are frequently based on practical experience only, and therefore, more systematic field research should be carried out to find evidence for the various design modifications. Also, it needs to be studied how the design features of the dementia dwelling can be incorporated into the existing housing stock.
Key Words: care • dementia • home modifications • independence • older adults
Dementia, Vol. 8, No. 2, 293-316 (2009) DOI: 10.1177/1471301209103276


In our courses we emphasize the first solution to indoor environmental quality must be an architectural solution and then secondly a mechanical solution. Our choice for mechanical systems, addressing IEQ challenges which can not be met entirely by the multi facets of architecture, is this system; we call it a radiant based HVAC system or The Total Comfort System. For greater study on separating Indoor Air Quality from Indoor Comfort Quality visit
Stanley A. Mumma, Ph.D., P.E. , Professor Emeritus of Architectural Engineering at Penn State University.


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